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And in the lower part of this wall there were stones so large and thick that it seemed impossible that human hands could have set them in place..were so close together, and so well fitted, that the point of a pin could not have been inserted in one of the joints.The whole fortress was built up in terraces and flat spaces." The numerous rooms were "filled with arms, lances, arrows, darts, clubs, bucklers and large oblong shields...there were many morions...there were also...certain stretchers in which the Lords travelled, as in litters." Much of the fighting occurred in and around Sacsayhuamán, as it was critical to maintaining control over the city.Located on a steep hill that overlooks the city, the fortified complex has a wide view of the valley to the southeast.Archeological studies of surface collections of pottery at Sacsayhuamán indicate that the earliest occupation of the hilltop dates to about 900 CE.
The stones used in the construction of these terraces are among the largest used in any building in pre-Hispanic America.
The stones were shaped into their final form at the building site and then laid in place.
The work, while supervised by Inca architects, was largely carried out by groups of individuals fulfilling their labor obligations to the state.
A similar relationship to that between Cuzco and Sacsayhuamán was replicated by the Inca in their distant colony where Santiago, Chile has developed.
The Inca fortress there, known as Chena, predated the Spanish colonial city; it was a ceremonial ritual site of Huaca de Chena.
According to Inca oral history, Tupac Inca "remembered that his father Pachacuti had called city of Cuzco the lion city.